Built between 353BC and 350BC, this tomb – for Mausolus, a Persian satrap (a provincial governor) – was 45 metres in height and covered in ornate reliefs by four different Greek sculptors. It stood at Halicarnassus, near modern-day Bodrum, Turkey, until it was destroyed by successive earthquakes between the 12th and 15th centuries. Since its construction, the word “mausoleum” has come to represent any above-ground tomb.
The modern alternative? The most famous mausoleum in the world is the Taj Mahal, built in 1643 on the Yamuna River near Agra to house the body of Mumtaz Mahal, the favourite wife of the Mughal emporer Shah Jahan. For something eerie, there’s Lenin’s Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow – the leader’s embalmed body is still on public display.
Categories: Origin Of Things