Today in History (TIH) Mon. 11th Julyl. 1955: The phrase “In God We Trust” is added to all U.S. Currency.
“In God We Trust” is the official motto of the United States. It was adopted as the nation’s motto in 1956 as an alternative or replacement to the unofficial motto of E pluribus unum (Latin: “out of many, one”), which was adopted when the Great Seal of the United States was created and adopted in 1782.
“In God We Trust” first appeared on the Two-cent piece in 1864 and has appeared on paper currency since 1957. A law passed in a Joint Resolution by the 84th Congress (P.L. 84-140) and approved by President Dwight Eisenhower on July 30, 1956, declared “In God We Trust” must appear on American currency. This phrase was first used on paper money in 1957, when it appeared on the one-dollar silver certificate. The first paper currency bearing the phrase entered circulation on October 1, 1957. The 84th Congress later passed legislation (P.L. 84-851), also signed by President Eisenhower on July 30, 1956, declaring the phrase to be the national motto.
Some groups and people have expressed objections to its use, claiming it is a religious reference that violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment and should be removed from coins and currency.
It is also the motto of the U.S. state of Florida.
Its Spanish equivalent, En Dios Confiamos, is the motto of the Republic of Nicaragua.